This glossary is a quick and easy reference to Japanese terms used in our articles. The list will steadily become more comprehensive as more terms are used.
Autumn Grand Sumo Tournament
Tournament held at the Ryogoku Kokugikan in Tokyo every September. The fifth of six yearly honbasho.
A drill where one wrestler slams into another and attempts to push him straight across the ring, often practiced to complete exhaustion. Sometimes referred to as “chest lending,” as the wrestler taking repeated hits “lends his chest” for the charging wrestler to crash into.
A Nishinoseki-group stable located in Taito Ward, Tokyo. Founded by former Masudayama in 2004, and currently run by former Takamisugi.
A Takasago-group stable located in Sumida Ward, Tokyo. Founded and currently run by former Yokozuna Hokutoumi.
Spring Grand Sumo Tournament
Tournament held at Edion Arena in Osaka every March. The second of six yearly honbasho.
New Year Grand Sumo Tournament
Tournament held at the Ryogoku Kokugikan in Tokyo every January. The first of six yearly honbasho.
Official Sumo Tournament
Six official 15 day tournaments are held every odd numbered month. They are: Hatsu Basho (January, Tokyo), Haru Basho (March, Osaka), Natsu Basho (May, Tokyo), Nagoya Basho (July, Nagoya), Aki Basho (September, Tokyo), and Kyushu Basho (November, Fukuoka).
Group of Stables
A group of affiliated stables that conduct scrimmages and inter-stable training sessions together. There are five groups currently: Dewanoumi, Isegahama, Nishonoseki, Takasago, and Tokitsukaze.
Gold Star Award
An award given to a Maegashira wrestler for defeating a Yokozuna.
Kyushu Grand Sumo Tournament
Tournament held at Fukuoka Kokusai Center in Kyushu every November. The final of six yearly honbasho.
A long, thick band of either cotton (for training and lower divisions) or silk (for salaried level competition) which is wrapped around to form a loincloth which can be grabbed anywhere around the belt area during a match.
Double inside belt grip
An under-arm grip with both hands on the opponent’s mawashi which provides great leverage for lifting and pushing.
Nagoya Grand Sumo Tournament
Tournament held at Dolphins Arena in Nagoya every July. The fourth of six yearly honbasho.
Summer Grand Sumo Tournament
Tournament held at the Ryogoku Kokugikan in Tokyo every May. The third of six yearly honbasho.
Nihon Sumo Kyokai
Japan Sumo Association
The organization that runs Japanese professional sumo (grand sumo), formed in 1925. The current chairman is Hakkaku-oyakata, former Yokozuna Hokutoumi.
Choreographed funny/slapstick sumo based on illegal moves. Often performed on regional tours.